Czech Republic

The Czech Republic is situated in Central Europe bordering Germany, Poland, Austria and Slovakia. Its capital is Prague which is also the biggest city of the country. The Czech Republic was a part of Czechoslovakia which was dissolved in January 1930 and split into the Czech and the Slovak Republics. Czech Republic became a member of the European Union in May, 2004. Beside Prague, Brno, Ostrava, Plzeň, Olomouc, České Budějovice, Zlín, Hradec Králové, Ústí nad Labem, Pardubice and Karlovy Vary are other important cities of the country. In Czech Republic there are Bohemia and Moravia, Bohemian cities and towns are popular for their wine vineyards and for their spas. Czech Republik is also home to many castles open for visitors. Another tourism attraction is the availability of hundrets of kilometers of marked trails for hiking, cycling or skiing.


View from a bridge across the river moldau

Population & Languages

The Czech Republic has a population of 10.4 million and the official language being spoken is Czech.

Electricity

The voltage is 230 V and the frequency is 50 Hz. The type of plug used is Round pin plug and receptacle with male grounding pin.

Climate

The climate can be termed as temperate with hot summers and cold winters, where it gets to snow.Due to different altitudes the variation of temperatures is diverse. The temperatures are relatively low at high altitudes and more precipitation. The temperatures average only -0.4°C at high altitude areas whereas the temperatures can average as high as 10°C in low altitude areas.

Local Customs

There is no real dressing code here but one should be dressed casual exept at formal dinners or good restaurants. For tipping an amount of 5 to 10 percent in restaurants, hotels and taxis is usual.


Karls bridge in Prague

Attractions

Sights one should visit are:
The Castle District (Hradèany) – It has some of the best churches and museums. It also has some beautiful gardens, fortifications and state apartments.

St Vitus Cathedral – It is located in the Castle District, the prominent feature of this cathedral is the spires which soar high in the sky. It is also country’s largest church with great architecture.


Charles Bridge (Karluv Most) – One of the most popular tourist spots is the bridge crossing the river Vltava.


Old Town Square (Staromĕstské Námestí) – It is the most vibrant square of Prague with many historical structures. It also hosts various markets every year like yearly Christmas market.


The Jewish Museum – It is the largest Jewish Museum in Central Europe with a vast collection of Judaic art works.


Vyšehrad – Is a great hill fort built on a rock above the river Vltava.


Reverse horse hanging down in an house in Prague

Travel

The national airline of Czech Republic is Czech Airlines but there are many other small and popular international airlines operating from Czech Republic. The major airport of the Czech Republic is Prague Ruzyne International Airport (PRG), which is located approximately 10 miles northwest of Prague.


The country is part of the extensive network of trains connecting the European cities. If you are coming from Western Europe the most convenient connections are via Berlin, Frankfurt, Munich, Vienna, and Zurich to Prague.

Duty Free Items

The following items can be carried without customs duty being levied on them:
1. 800 cigarettes or 400 cigarillos or 200 cigars or 1kg tobacco for EU countries.
2. 200 cigarettes or 100 cigarillos or 50 cigars or 250g tobacco for Non-EU countries.
3. 10 liter of spirits with alcohol content over 22%, or 20 liter of alcoholic beverages with alcohol volume less than 22%, or 90 liter of wine or 60 liter of sparkling wine, or 110 liter of beer for EU countries.
4. 1 liter spirits or 2 liter wine for Non-EU countries.
5. 50g perfume or 250ml eau de toilette
6. Food, fruits, medications and flowers for personal use
7. Gifts up to €175

Prohibited Items

Items prohibited are: Un-canned goods, meat or dairy products, Narcotics, firearms, ammunition, weapons, eggs, plants, endangered species, fireworks and alcoholic beverages that contain more than sixty per cent alcohol.