Greece

Greece which is one if the earliest civilisations known to human kind, is a country with rich culture, heritage and history. It is located where Byzantine Empire and the great Ottoman Empire ruled once and is considered to be the birth place of Democray. The capital of Greece is Athens, where the Olympic games originated. Greece was the world center for western philosophy, political science, mathematics and major scientific studies. Greece is also know as a Mediterranean country popular by tourists for ist beautiful beaches, rich history and charming villages. Exploring the Greek islands by Cruise or Yacht is wonderful and a trip to Greece will definitely be one of the most memorable ones.


Beautiful view in Greece

Population & Languages

Greece has a population of about 11.1 million and the official language is Greek but languages like English and French are also popular here.

Electricity

The Voltage is 220 V while the frequency is 50 Hz. The types of plug used are round pin with attachment, round pin with ground, round pin plug and receptacle with male grounding pin and „Schuko“ plug and receptacle with side grounding contacts.


Beautiful view in Santorini

Geographic Location

Greece is located in Southern Europe bordering the Aegean Sea, Ionian Sea and the Mediterranean Sea. It is situated in the southern side of Balkan Peninsula bordered by Albania, Macedonia, Bulgaria and Turkey.

Climate

There are three distinct climates mainly Alpine, Mediterranean and temperate climate with mild but wet winters and hot and dry summers. The Alpine system is seen in mountainous regions while the temperate climate is seen near the border to Macedonia.

Local Customs

Greece is a place with strong cultural and historic background and there are different traditions and customs in the different parts of Greece. The throwing back of a hand is considered to be a negative gesture here in Greece. Dressing can be casual most of the time and smoking is prohibited in public transport services and public buildings. Tipping 1 to 12 percent in restaurants,hotels and taxis is customary.


White tower in Salonica

Attractions

Sights worth visiting are:
- The Olympic Games in Athens (the spot of the historic 2004 Olympic Games)
- Mardi Grass Celebrations in February
- The Parthenon in Athens
- Skiing in Arahova Mountains between October and March
- Easter Celebrations
- Thessaloniki’s White Tower and country’s rich Byzantine culture
- The south of Corinth
- The beaches in Lesvos
- The wine vineyards in the countryside
- The islands near the Aegean Sea
- The wildlife preserve in Alonissos (Sporades Marine Park)
- The famous Moni Panagia Chozoviotissa, a Byzantine monastery in Amorgos

Travel

The national airline of Greece is Olympic Airlines but many popular airlines like Delta Airlines or British Airwas operate form Athens daily. The biggest airport in Greece is the Athens International Airport located 17 miles away from the city. The other international airports of Greece are Heraklion (Crete), Thessaloniki (Macedonia) and Corfu (Kerkira).

Popular ports in Greece are Corfu, Heraklion, Igoumenitsa, Patras, Piraeus (Athens), Rhodes, Thessaloniki and Volos. This ports are linked with ports in Italy, Cyprus, Croatia, Russia and Turkey. Popular Cruises providing service in Greece are Celebrity Cruises, Costa Cruises, Crystal Cruises, Festival Cruises, Holland America Line, Princess Cruises, Silversea and Swan Hellenic.

Duty Free Items

The following items can be carried without customs duty being levied on them:

1. Up to 200 cigarettes or 250 gm tobacco
2. 100 cigarillos or 50 cigars
3. 1 liter spirit over 22% or 2 liter wine
4. Perfumes – 50 gm or 250 ml
5. Gifts up to €175

Prohibited Items are: Narcotics, firearms, ammunition, weapons, most meat and dairy products, eggs, plants, endangered species, fireworks and alcoholic beverages that contain more than sixty per cent alcohol.