Poland was formed around the 10th century but did not exist the wholte time. It is located in the east of Central Europe and most of the country is flat plane and mountains along the southern border. The capital is Warsaw which was completly destroyed in World War II and was rebuild from scratch again. A must see is the Royal Castle of Warsaw which was reconstructed after the war. Also don’t miss the Lazienky Palace which has an open air theatre and Chopin’s monument. The second biggest city of Poland is Krakow and it stands as a witness to its medieval era. Popular Polish dishes are Zrazy Zawijane (mushroom-stuffed beefsteak rolls in sour cream) served with boiled kasza (buckwheat) and pigs’ knuckles.

Gory tatry mountains, Poland

Population & Languages

Poland has a population of 38.1 million and the official language being spoken is Polish.


The voltage is 230 V and the frequency is 50 Hz. The types of plugs used are round pin with attachment and round pin plug and receptacle with male grounding pin.

Geographic Location

Poland is located in the east of Central Europe bordering the Baltic Sea, the Federal Republic of Germany, the Russian Federation, Belarus, Ukraine, Lithuania, the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic.

A beautiful castle in Poland

Local Customs

A handshake is common for greeting people. When invited to someone’s house it is customary to bring flowers. One should dress fairly conservative and casual but formal for entertainment in the evening or in good restaurants or hotels. Smoking is prohibited in some public buildings. In restaurants, hotels and taxis tipping is 10 to 15%.


Popular sights in Warsaw are the Historic Museum of Warsaw, the Lazienki Palace and Palace of Culture and Sciences.
Places to visit in Cracow are St. Mary’s Church, Royal Castle, and Royal Cathedral on top of Wawel Hill.


The national airline of Poland is LOT Polish Airlines but many other popular airlines like Aeroflot, Air France, Austrian Airlines, British Airways, Easyjet, El Al, Lufthansa, Ryanair, SAS and Swiss Air are flying to Poland. The Warsaw Frederic Chopin Airport is the biggest airport of the country and it is located 6 miles away from the city.

Traveling by sea is also possible as Pol Ferries operates connections to Sweden, Denmark and Finland.

Polish State Railways (PKP) operates Eurocity trains from Poland to almost all major European cities. Warsaw for example is linked with Berlin, Cologne, Budapest, Prauge and Vienna. A car-sleeper service from the border of the Netherlands is providing service to Pozan and Warsaw.

Townhall of Breslau, Poland

Duty Free Items

The following items can be carried without customs duty being levied on them:
1. Up to 250 cigarettes or 250 g tobacco or 50 cigars for Non-EU countries.
2. 800 cigarettes or 200 cigars or 1kg smoking tobacco for EU countries.
3. 1 liter wine and 1 liter spirits for Non-EU countries.
4. 10 liter spirits, 90 liter wine and 110 liter beer for EU countries
5. Perfumes, medicines and cosmetics for personal use
6. Gifts up to €175

In Poland the following goods are prohibited: Birds and poultry arriving from countries infected with Avian influenza, un-canned goods, meat or dairy products, carcotics, firearms, ammunition, weapons, eggs, plants, endangered species, fireworks and alcoholic beverages that contain more than sixty per cent alcohol.