Romania

Romania which is located in Southeastern Europe is slowly emerging from the shackles of it’s dark history. Romania was formed in 1859 merging Moldavia and Wallachia which were ruled by the Ottoman Empire for centuries before. Moldova, Ukraine, Bulgaria, Serbia, Montenegro, Hungary and also the Black Sea are bordering Romania. The capital of Romania is Bucharest. The northern half of the country is formed by Transylvania and Moldavia.

The main attractions of Romania are the Black Sea Coast, the Carpathian Mountains and Transylvania. Its coast is popular for its white sandy beaches and offers a great experience for families. The Carpathian Mountains are beautiful and covered by dense forests which offer skiing opportunities. Local dishes are ciorba de perisoare (soup with meatballs), ciorba tanancasca (meat with vegetables), lamb bors, giblet soup and a variety of fish soups.


Parliament of Romania

Population & Languages

Romania has a population of roughly 21.5 million and the official language being spoken is Romanaian. German and Hungarian are also popular languages spoken by the locals.

Electricity

The voltage is 230 V and the frequency is 50 Hz. The types of plug used are round pin with attachment and “Schuko” plug and receptacle with side grounding contacts.

Local Customs

Handshaking is common here and it is also customary to kiss when being introduced to a woman. Almost all normal European customs apply to Romania, too. One should be dressed conservative and casual. Smoking is prohibited on public transportation vehicles and theatres. Tipping in restaurants, hotels and taxis is 5 to 10 percent.


Bran (Dracula’s) Castle, Romania

Attractions

Bucharest was once known as the Paris of the East. It is a city of lightsbustling with cares, restaurants and night clubs. One can also find the Romanian Opera House and a huge National Museum here. Historic sights of the town are the Palace of Parliament, Old Court Church and Athenee Palace Hotel. Places you should visit in Brasov are Castles in Transylvania including Bran Castle and Rasnov Castle. Also visit the birthplace of Vlad Tepes in Sighisoara 90 miles away from Brasov.

Romanian Riviera: This is along the coast of Black Sea which is a huge tourist attraction. It is also home to several resorts and Romanian spas famous for their healing powers.

Travel

Tarom is the national airline of Romania also popular airlines like Air France, Alitalia, Austrian Airlines, British Airways, KLM, Lufthansa and Swiss are flying to Bucharest. The Bucharest Otopeni Airport is also the biggest airport of the country and only located 10 miles north of the city.


Peles Manor, Romania

The major port on Black Sea is Constanta but there are no ferries operated. Instead there are many cruises available which stop in other tourist sports like Vienna, Bratislava, Budapest, Bazias, Giurgiu, Calafat and Bucharest.

One can only reach Romania by train from Western Europe during the summer month from June to September. The Train service to use is called Wiener Waltzer.

Duty Free Items

The following items can be carried without customs duty being levied on them:
1. Up to 200 cigarettes or 200 g tobacco
2. 200g cocoa and 200g coffee
3. Perfumes, medicines and souvenirs
4. Two cameras, one small movie camera, twenty four cassettes, one portable radio, one TV set, one tape recorder, one pair of binoculars and one typewriter.
5. Gifts up to €175

In Romania un-canned goods, meat or dairy products, narcotics, firearms, ammunition, weapons, eggs, plants, endangered species, fireworks and alcoholic beverages that contain more than sixty per cent alcohol are prohibited.